The National Committee for Bioethics of UNESCO Commission of the Republic of Serbia, seated at SASA, was established on October 31, 2003. Its task is to promote the perspective on ethical and legal contents resulting from research in life science and stimulate the exchange of ideas and information, primarily by education in the field of basic natural sciences, particularly genetics and biomedicine.

Bioethics is a field dealing with the issues of moral-ethical behavior within the sphere of natural sciences. It pertains primarily to biological and medical sciences, their interrelations through biomedicine, as well as behavior of scientists and physicians at work performed within their institutions. It implies that the individuals, institutions and professions in the respective field uphold the rules and codes adopted in civilized countries of Europe and the world over the past decades. Official legalization of ethical principles in scientific and research work, as well as in medical practice, has reached the broadest application in the past 20 and more years, particularly at the time when our country was experiencing deepest isolation. The legislature adopted at UNESCO and the European Council was accepted by tens of countries that have incorporated these rules in their laws and commenced their strict implementation. Our country was readmitted to the UN as late as December 2001 after having been excluded in 1992, and became a member of the European Council in April 2003. The National Committee for Bioethics of the UNESCO Commission of Serbia and Montenegro was founded in October 2003, and in 2006 was renamed the National Committee for Bioethics of the UNESCO Commission of the Republic of Serbia.